The Synoptics emphasize the eschatological significance of the Holy Spirit in relation to the earthly Messiah, who speaks God’s word. Johannine theology highlights the sending of the Spirit from a post-Pentecost per- spective. As paraklētos, the coming Spirit is promised to bring to mind the teachings of the Lord. The word paraklētos expresses facets of this “helper,” or “comforter,” that are analogous to Christ’s. The paraklētos also comes alongside believers, enabling them to embrace the gospel, to fulfill the multifaceted ministries of the gospel, and to convict the unbelieving world. The abiding significance for the church is not identified in charismatic manifestations but in the believer’s relationship with and witness to Christ.