by KAZUSA OKAYA in Vol. 9 No. 1 / Apr 2023


Herman Bavinck is not usually associated with the biblical counseling movement. Nevertheless, his formulation of “biblical psychology” pro- vides essential resources for biblical counselors today. This article treats shame as a case study to demonstrate how his biblical psychological account differs from that of secular psychology by providing a more nuanced and biblical approach to shame. He places shame within the organic understanding of sin and considers shame to be caused by the self-judgment of conscience. Hence, depending on the alignment of one’s conscience, good shame can provide a positive pedagogy for Christian formation, while false shame can lead one away from God. While the cure for shame is often thought to be its eradication, Bavinck equips pastors and counselors with an alternative model.

Herman Bavinck, shame, biblical counseling, psychology, conscience
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Back to Article List Download Journal

Other Articles in
Vol. 9 No. 1 / Apr 2023

Editorial: The Sin behind “Sin” by Paul Wells
The Progress of the Kingdom: Calvin’s Pastoral Care for Rulers by HERMAN H. VAN ALTEN
Adapting the Structural Perspectives of the Westminster Larger Catechism for Biblical Counselor Training by TIMOTHY P. YATES
Bavinck, a Patron Saint of Biblical Counselors? A Case Study of Bavinck’s Theological Description of Shame by KAZUSA OKAYA
“The Hidden Artist”: Edith Schaeffer and the Success of L’Abri Fellowship by CHRISTOPHER TALBOT
Where Has the Soul Gone in Pastoral Care? The Case and Cure of Pastoral Counseling by MAARTEN J. KATER
Six Keys to Protecting and Strengthening Marriages by JIM NEWHEISER
A Pastoral Framework for Infidelity Counseling by MICHAEL GEMBOLA
Rightly Applying God’s Law Makes Legalism Impossible by BRAD BEEVERS
Presuppositions of Biblical Counselors by JIM NEWHEISER
Biblical Counseling in the Spanish-Speaking World by NATALIE CARLEY
Some Reflections on Biblical Counseling, Adams, and Powlison by D. CLAIR DAVIS
Interview with Alasdair Groves by PETER A. LILLBACK
Carl R. Trueman. The Rise and Triumph of the Modern Self: Cultural Amnesia, Expressive Individualism and the Road to Sexual Revolution. by ANDREW MUTTITT
Scot McKnight. Five Things Biblical Scholars Wish Theologians Knew. Hans Boersma. Five Things Theologians Wish Biblical Scholars Knew by DONALD E. COBB
Robert L. Wilken. Liberty in the Things of God: The Christian Origins of Religious Freedom by TODD M. RESTER
IN MEMORIAM Jong Yun Lee by editor