Studies in Old Testament Biblical Theology

Vol. 5 No. 1 / Apr 2019


EDITORIAL: DR. EDWARD J. YOUNG (1907–1968)

ALLAN M. HARMAN - in Vol. 5 No. 1 / Apr 2019
Near The End Of My Arts Course At The University Of Sydney, I Was Given A Copy Of Edward J. Young’s Isaiah Fifty-Three (1952). I Knew Of Him And His Colleagues At Westminster Theological Seminary, But This Was My First Exposure To His Writings. The Simplicity With Which He Wrote And The Rich Devotional Tone Of The Book Struck Me Immediately. That Book Was But The First Of Several Of Young’s Books That I Had Read Before I Went To Study At Westminster.

THE CANON OF THE OLD TESTAMENT

WALTER C. KAISER JR. - in Vol. 5 No. 1 / Apr 2019
After Defining The Concept Of Canon, The Article Provides A Survey Of Early Witnesses To The Old Testament Canon (Jesus And Early Jewish And Christian Texts) That Shows A Broad Consensus About The Numbers Of Books To Be Included In The Old Testament. The Rabbinic Discussions At Jamnia Are Not So Much The Establishment Of The Canon As They Are The Acknowledgment Of Its Reality. The Principle To Establish The Canon Is More Internal (the Structure Of Its Authority And The Notion Of Prophecy).

MOTIFS AND OLD TESTAMENT THEOLOGY

BRYAN D. ESTELLE - in Vol. 5 No. 1 / Apr 2019
The Article Discusses The Importance Of Motifs For Understanding Old Testament Literature. Motif Is Defined As The Term Is Used In The Biblical Studies Guild. The Article Begins By Tracing The “clothing Motif” In The Joseph Narrative. Next, It Progresses To A Brief Discussion Of The Methods Of Intertextuality, Especially Cultivating Allusion Competence And Recognizing How Motifs Develop In Scripture. The Article Also Demonstrates How This Methodology Can Be Applied To One Specific Motif: ...

ON FINDING THE THEOLOGICAL MESSAGE OF OLD TESTAMENT BOOKS: A PLEA FOR PAYING ATTENTION TO THE REDEMPTIVE-HISTORICAL CONTEXT

GERT KWAKKEL - in Vol. 5 No. 1 / Apr 2019
What Is The Theological Message Of An Old Testament Book? How Should One Proceed In Attempts To Trace And Formulate It? The Answer To These Questions Is Vital For The Study Biblical Theology. These Are Likewise Relevant For Students Working On The Exegesis Of A Pericope Or Ministers Preparing A Sermon Series On A Specific Book. In This Study, I Will Argue That It Is Not Only Helpful But Also Necessary To Pay More Attention To The Position Of The Books In The Broad Context Of The History ...

TOO MANY TO CHOSE FROM? THE ENGLISH TRANSLATION CONTROVERSY

LANE KEISTER - in Vol. 5 No. 1 / Apr 2019
There Are Too Many English Translations In Existence, But The Church Need Not Limit Herself To Just One. Five Or Six Translations Would All Be Appropriate For The Church To Use, Either For Worship Or Individual Use. This Article Examines Four Preliminary Issues: The New Testament Text-critical Issues Underlying Various Translations, The Various Translation Philosophies, The Literary Characteristics Of Good English, And Gender Inclusivity In Translation. Then Follows An Examination …

THE TORAH OF EDEN AND THE CONCEPTION OF ISHMAEL: GENESIS 3:6 AND 16:3–4

RON BERGEY - in Vol. 5 No. 1 / Apr 2019
Abram And Sarah’s Plight Of Childlessness Turns Into The Drama Of A Hapless Egyptian Servant. Fewer Than Twenty Hebrew Words Suffice To Relate Sarah’s Taking Hagar, Her Giving Her As Surrogate To Abram, And His Having Relations With Hagar. The Keys Words Are Drawn From Another Story, That Of Eve’s Taking The Forbidden Fruit, Her Giving It To Adam, And His Eating It. The Latter Story Is Retold In The Former By Reemploying The Same Verbs And Sentence Structures, Only Replacing The ...

THE PARADIGMATIC ROLE OF GENESIS 3 FOR READING BIBLICAL NARRATIVE ABOUT DESIRE

CEPHAS T. A. TUSHIMA - in Vol. 5 No. 1 / Apr 2019
The Biblical Hebrew Texts Of Sexual Politics (often Involving Sordid Sexual Violence, Especially Against Women) Have Been Studied In The Last Forty Years With An Ideological Bent That Employs Contemporary Literary Analysis. This Essay Is An Attempt To Allow The Biblical Text To Furnish Strategies For Reading Its Troubling Narratives Rather Than Imposing External Ideologies Over It. An Ethical Narrative Close Reading Of The Text Of Primeval Desire (Gen 3) Led Me To The Discovery Of ...

HOW THE DWELLING BECOMES A TENT OF MEETING: A THEOLOGY OF LEVITICUS

L. MICHAEL MORALES - in Vol. 5 No. 1 / Apr 2019
This Essay Proposes That The Theology Of The Book Of Leviticus Centers On The Question Of How The Dwelling, God’s Mishkan, Becomes A Tent Of Meeting, The ’ohel Mo‘ed. By The End Of Leviticus, The Tent Of Meeting Has Become The Place Where Israel’s Community Can Enjoy Fellowship With Yahweh—a Sabbath Goal Symbolically Portrayed In Leviticus 24:1–9. The Cultic Festivals Of Leviticus 23–25, With 24:1–9 At Their Heart, Demonstrate That The Dwelling Has Become A “tent Of Meeting” Indeed And ...

THE IMMANUEL PROPHECY AT THE CROSSROADS OF EXEGESIS, HERMENEUTICS, AND BIBLE TRANSLATION

STEFAN FELBER - in Vol. 5 No. 1 / Apr 2019
In This Study Of The Immanuel Prophecy Of Isaiah 7:14 And Its Reception, I Will Show How The Relation Of Exegetical, Hermeneutical, And Translational Decisions Influences The Process Of Understanding Before Any Translation Is Done. I Wish To Maintain That Matthew’s Use Of Isaiah 7 Is Coherent With Its Wording And Logic. I Would Like To Invite Translators And Exegetes To Determine Textual And Exegetical Matters Under Theological Premises, That Is, Under A Biblical Hierarchy Of Authority.

DIVINE FORGIVENESS IN THE BOOK OF JEREMIAH

H. G. L. (ERIC) PEELS - in Vol. 5 No. 1 / Apr 2019
The Theme Of Forgiveness Occurs More Often In The Book Of Jeremiah Than In Any Other Prophetical Book. This Emphasis Is Remarkable Given The Book’s Overall Message Of Impending Doom. An Exegetical And Contextual Analysis Shows The Development Of This Theme. The First Stage Presents The Ultimate Possibility Of Forgiveness On Condition Of Israel’s Repentance. In The Second Stage, The Possibility Of Forgiveness Disappears, Since Israel Refuses To Repent; Prophetic Intercession Is ...

READING JONAH BACKWARDS: RECONSIDERING A PROPHET’S REPENTANCE

STEPHEN COLEMAN - in Vol. 5 No. 1 / Apr 2019
The Portrait Of The Angry, Bitter Prophet That Concludes The Book Of Jonah Has Long Proved Difficult To Reconcile With The Seemingly Repentant And Obedient Prophet Who Earlier Had Praised God From The Belly Of The Great Fish Before Fulfilling His Divine Commission To Bring The Word Of God To Nineveh. This Article Considers The Rhetorical Purpose Of These Disparate Portraits By Interpreting Jonah’s Acts Of Piety Through The Lens Of The Concluding Depiction Of The Prophet Entrenched In ...

PREACHING CHRIST FROM PROVERBS

IAIN DUGUID - in Vol. 5 No. 1 / Apr 2019
Most Guidance For Preaching Christ From The Old Testament Focuses On Narratives Or Prophetic Books. This Paper Focuses On The Specific Challenges Of Preaching Christ From The Proverbial Literature Of The Old Testament. It Shows How To Compare And Contrast Biblical Wisdom With Cultural Wisdom (in Both The Wider Culture And The Christian Subculture). Since Wisdom Is Often Indirect Law, It Can Function As Other Biblical Law Does: Convicting Us Of Sin And Driving Us To Christ, Who Is The ...

GERHARD VON RAD (1901–1971): A RELUCTANT MODERNIST’S APPROACH TO WISDOM LITERATURE

CHARLES KELLY TELFER - in Vol. 5 No. 1 / Apr 2019
Gerhard Von Rad Defended The Importance Of The Old Testament For Christians In The Face Of Nazi Pressure. Reacting To The Sterility Of A Religionsgeschichte Approach, He Was A Part Of The Biblical Theology Movement And Sought To Set Forth The Theological Material Of The Old Testament In Roughly Historical Order As A Summary Of Israelite Faith. Attempting To Set Forth The “saving Acts Of God,” His Equivocal Use Of The Category “history” Failed To Bridge His Modernist Assumptions That ...

INTERVIEW WITH BRUCE WALTKE

Peter A. Lillback - in Vol. 5 No. 1 / Apr 2019
(February 1, 2019) PETER LILLBACK: Let Me Start With A Word Of Prayer. Lord, Thank You For The Joy Of Meeting With Dr. Waltke, For The Opportunity To Have This Conversation That We Hope Will Be Useful For Your People Globally As They Think About Old Testament Studies. Thank You For His Faithful Labors Over Many Years And His Impact On So Many. We Ask Now That You Will Continue To Bless Him And His Wife And The Ministry That Continues In His Service. Thank You, Lord, For The Privilege Of ...

BOOK REVIEW: INFLUENTIAL OLD TESTAMENT THEOLOGIES

ANDREW T. ABERNETHY - in Vol. 5 No. 1 / Apr 2019
Recently, On Facebook, An Editor Asked Some Biblical Scholars To Share What Books Got Us Interested In Biblical Studies. As I Look Back, What Really Got Me Excited Were Books That Invited Me Into Knowing God More Through The Old Testament In Light Of The Bigger Story Of Scripture. In This Reflection, I Will Share About Three Such Books. None Of These Books Would Qualify As “Old Testament Theologies,” Yet I Reckon That They Have Had A Far Greater Theological Impact Upon Me Than Anything I Have...

BOOK REVIEW: RICHARD BELCHER JR. FINDING FAVOUR IN THE SIGHT OF GOD: A THEOLOGY OF WISDOM LITERATURE

JEONG KOO JEON - in Vol. 5 No. 1 / Apr 2019
Richard Belcher Jr. is Professor of Old Testament at Reformed Theological Seminary in Charlotte, North Carolina. Belcher engages in scholarly discussions while he demonstrates the Christocentric nature of wisdom literature, providing pastoral and practical insight and implications. The book has a brief “Series Preface” by D. A. Carson (xi-xii) and an “Author’s Preface” (xiii-xiv). It starts with a journey and a question about “the problem of wisdom literature in Old Testament theology” in ...

BOOK REVIEW: HENRI BLOCHER. ORIGINAL SIN: ILLUMINATING THE RIDDLE?

PIERRE-SOVANN CHAUNY - in Vol. 5 No. 1 / Apr 2019
In Original Sin: Illuminating The Riddle, Henri Blocher Proposes To Illuminate The Riddle The Doctrine Of Original Sin Presents. The Introduction Points Out That The Phenomenon Of Human Evil Raises Three Questions: “First, Why Is The Perception Of Human Evil Generally Accompanied By Feelings Of Indignation, Guilt Or Shame?” “Secondly, If Humans Are Capable Of So Much Evil, How Is It That They Also Reach Heights Of Heroism, Performing Admirable Deeds Of Selfless Service And Devotion To The Truth?

GREGORY A. BOYD. CROSS VISION: HOW THE CRUCIFIXION OF JESUS MAKES SENSE OF OLD TESTAMENT VIOLENCE

PAUL WELLS - in Vol. 5 No. 1 / Apr 2019
Gregory Boyd is a theologian and senior pastor in the Twin Cities. This book follows up on his epic two-volume Crucifixion and the Warrior God. While more accessible than the major work, its more concise presentation of the subject will be enough to satisfy most readers. As one might expect, the subject arises out of theological and hermeneutical engagement with the Old Testament narrative and pastoral concerns.

BRENT A. STRAWN. THE OLD TESTAMENT IS DYING: A DIAGNOSIS AND RECOMMENDED TREATMENT

RICHARD P. BELCHER JR. - in Vol. 5 No. 1 / Apr 2019
Any book that seeks to keep the Old Testament from dying and to revive its use among God’s people is to be encouraged simply because it raises the issue. People tend to view the Old Testament as distant in time and culture and therefore irrelevant to modern-day life. In fact, taking the Old Testament seriously could lead to problems because of its many difficult texts. This book seeks to solve some of the difficulties related to the Old Testament by treating it like a dead language that needs to

PIERRE COURTHIAL. A NEW DAY OF SMALL BEGINNINGS

JEAN-MARC BERTHOUD - in Vol. 5 No. 1 / Apr 2019
It has been one of the privileges of my life, not only to know Pierre Courthial and to share his friendship, but also to participate actively in the publication of his three major works.1 For Courthial, God—Father, Son, and Holy Spirit—is the first author of the whole Bible (tota Scriptura), the ex nihilo Creator of the universe who, as sovereign redeemer of his people, manifests his providence over every event in the history to all mankind. Spiritual intimacy with God gave Courthial the grace..