Other Articles in
Vol. 7 No. 1 / Apr 2021

Editorial: Hope against Hope by PAUL WELLS
Matthew Henry’s Preaching and Pastoral Ministry at Hackney, 1712–1714 by ALLAN M. HARMAN
The Homelessness Crisis and the Role of the Church by WILLIAM B. BOWES
On Christian Engagement with Digital Technologies: A Reformed Perspective by JEAN FRANCESCO A. L. GOMES
Criticism and Legitimacy of “Cultural Marxism”: Implications for Christian Witness in the Postmodern World by YANNICK IMBERT
Redeeming Redemption: Violence, Desecration, and Atonement by CHRISTOPHER D. STEED
Yasukuni Shrine, Japanese Christian Responses, and a Kuyperian Ecclesiological Perspective by SURYA HAREFA
Personal Evangelism or Social Reform? The Challenge to Brazilian Presbyterianism in the Nineteenth Century by BRUNO GONÇALVES ROSI
Reflections on COVID-19: From Psalm 80 by WILLIAM EDGAR
The Response of Christians and Churches in India to COVID-19 by MATTHEW EBENEZER
Plague and Sanctification: Indonesian Reflections by BILLY KRISTANTO and AUDY SANTOSO
The Pandemic and the Roman Catholic Church, Especially in Italy by LEONARDO DE CHIRICO
The Churches in The Netherlands and the Pandemic by HERMAN J. SELDERHUIS
The COVID-19 Pandemic in Nigeria by PHILIP TACHIN
The Church in the Midst of the Enduring Pandemic by PIERRE BERTHOUD
How Has COVID-19 Affected My Teaching at Westminster Theological Seminary? by TODD M. RESTER
Warfield, Bavinck, and Kuyper: Interview with Cornelis P. Venema and David Garner by PETER A. LILLBACK
Gratitude Needs a Giver: Why Political Science Needs Intelligent Design by BRIAN G. MATTSON
George Will’s The Conservative Sensibility by PETER A. LILLBACK
Book Review: Derek W. H. Thomas and John W. Tweeddale, eds. John Calvin: For a New Reformation by HERMAN J. SELDERHUIS
Book Review: Tom Holland. Dominion: How the Christian Revolution Remade the World by WILLIAM EDGAR
Book Review: Herman Bavinck. Christian Worldview by DANIEL SCHROCK
Book Review: Grant Wacker. One Soul at a Time: The Story of Billy Graham by BRANDON D. CROWE
Book Review: Stephen Tomkins. The Clapham Sect: How Wilberforce’s Circle Transformed Britain by PAUL WELLS
Book Review: Christian C. Sahner. Christian Martyrs under Islam: Religious Violence and the Making of the Muslim World by PAUL WELLS

PERSONAL EVANGELISM OR SOCIAL REFORM? THE CHALLENGE TO BRAZILIAN PRESBYTERIANISM IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY

by BRUNO GONÇALVES ROSI in Vol. 7 No. 1 / Apr 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.35285/ucc7.1.2021.art7



Until the nineteenth century, Brazil was almost entirely a Roman Catholic country. John Calvin himself sent missionaries to Rio de Janeiro in the sixteenth century, and the Dutch Reformed Church followed when the Netherlands occupied a great part of the Brazilian northeast in the seventeenth century. However, despite these isolated episodes, from 1500 to 1800 there was almost no Protestantism in Brazil. This started to change early in the nineteenth century. In 1808, the Portuguese royal family fled to Rio de Janeiro, running away from Napoleon. In 1822, Brazil claimed its independence from Portugal. The constitution that ruled Brazil from 1824 to 1889 was at least partially liberal: although it maintained Roman Catholicism as the country’s official religion, it granted religious freedom to non-Catholics. Protestant immigrants started to arrive already in the 1820s, and Protestant missionaries began planting Brazilian churches in the 1850s and 1860s.

Keywords
Ashbel Green Simonton, James Cooley Fletcher, Brazilian history, missionary history, missions to Brazil, evangelism, social work
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.


Back to Article List Download Journal