Other Articles in
Vol. 7 No. 1 / Apr 2021

Editorial: Hope against Hope by PAUL WELLS
Matthew Henry’s Preaching and Pastoral Ministry at Hackney, 1712–1714 by ALLAN M. HARMAN
The Homelessness Crisis and the Role of the Church by WILLIAM B. BOWES
On Christian Engagement with Digital Technologies: A Reformed Perspective by JEAN FRANCESCO A. L. GOMES
Criticism and Legitimacy of “Cultural Marxism”: Implications for Christian Witness in the Postmodern World by YANNICK IMBERT
Redeeming Redemption: Violence, Desecration, and Atonement by CHRISTOPHER D. STEED
Yasukuni Shrine, Japanese Christian Responses, and a Kuyperian Ecclesiological Perspective by SURYA HAREFA
Personal Evangelism or Social Reform? The Challenge to Brazilian Presbyterianism in the Nineteenth Century by BRUNO GONÇALVES ROSI
Reflections on COVID-19: From Psalm 80 by WILLIAM EDGAR
The Response of Christians and Churches in India to COVID-19 by MATTHEW EBENEZER
Plague and Sanctification: Indonesian Reflections by BILLY KRISTANTO and AUDY SANTOSO
The Pandemic and the Roman Catholic Church, Especially in Italy by LEONARDO DE CHIRICO
The Churches in The Netherlands and the Pandemic by HERMAN J. SELDERHUIS
The COVID-19 Pandemic in Nigeria by PHILIP TACHIN
The Church in the Midst of the Enduring Pandemic by PIERRE BERTHOUD
How Has COVID-19 Affected My Teaching at Westminster Theological Seminary? by TODD M. RESTER
Warfield, Bavinck, and Kuyper: Interview with Cornelis P. Venema and David Garner by PETER A. LILLBACK
Gratitude Needs a Giver: Why Political Science Needs Intelligent Design by BRIAN G. MATTSON
George Will’s The Conservative Sensibility by PETER A. LILLBACK
Book Review: Derek W. H. Thomas and John W. Tweeddale, eds. John Calvin: For a New Reformation by HERMAN J. SELDERHUIS
Book Review: Tom Holland. Dominion: How the Christian Revolution Remade the World by WILLIAM EDGAR
Book Review: Herman Bavinck. Christian Worldview by DANIEL SCHROCK
Book Review: Grant Wacker. One Soul at a Time: The Story of Billy Graham by BRANDON D. CROWE
Book Review: Stephen Tomkins. The Clapham Sect: How Wilberforce’s Circle Transformed Britain by PAUL WELLS
Book Review: Christian C. Sahner. Christian Martyrs under Islam: Religious Violence and the Making of the Muslim World by PAUL WELLS

YASUKUNI SHRINE, JAPANESE CHRISTIAN RESPONSES, AND A KUYPERIAN ECCLESIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE

by SURYA HAREFA in Vol. 7 No. 1 / Apr 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.35285/ucc7.1.2021.art6



This article explores the issue of reviving the Yasukuni Shrine as a state-operated place of mandatory worship and how Japanese Christians have responded to this ongoing problem. After the visit of Abe Shinzō to worship there in an official capacity on December 26, 2013, citizen groups in Osaka and Tokyo brought appeals against the premier before the corresponding district courts. Prior to that, the official worship of Koizumi Jun’ichirō in 2001–2006 had likewise earned criticism and led to protest demonstrations. After citizen groups in Fukuoka, Matsuyama, and Osaka sued the prime minister in their district courts, similar groups in Tokyo and Chiba appealed to their respective district courts as well. Neighboring countries, particularly China and South Korea, also protested the premier’s visit. John Breen has rightly noted that the issue is “a problem of daunting complexity.” As we will show, it involves several interconnected aspects, including the constitution, historical perception, war criminals, commemoration, and war responsibility.

Keywords
Yasukuni Shrine, Japanese Christians, Abraham Kuyper, church and state, ecclesiology
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